Agata Chilińska-Früboes defended her PhD thesis in Warsaw
On the 4th of November 2016 Agata Chilińska-Früboes successfully defended her PHD-thesis “Personal ornaments and belt fittings dating to the early Roman Period found in the area of the Dollkeim-Kovrovo Culture” in the Institute of Archaeology of the university Warsaw, Poland. The thesis was written in the frame of the project “Continuity of research and research of continuity - Basic research on settlement archaeology of the Iron Age in the Baltic region”, financed by the Academy of Science and Literature Mainz and conducted in cooperation between the ZBSA and the Museum for Prehistory and Early History in Berlin. The thesis was supervised by Dr. hab. Bartosz Kontny (University of Warsaw).
In her thesis Agata Chilińska-Früboes put an emphasis on the analysis of fibulas – on their chronological and stylistic features – to elaborate a chronological system of the early Roman Period of the Dollkeim-Kovrovo Culture, which was then used to revise other chronological systems of the Baltic basin. In addition also other finds – ornaments, weapons and horse equipment as well as the funerary rites – were described.
Distribution maps of all discovered brooches from 92 archaeological sites investigated mainly before, but also after 1945 show that the earliest finds come from two regions – the northern part of the Samland Peninsula (near the Curonian Spit) and the basin of the middle course of the Pregolya River. Those two areas should be treated as two separate centers of coming into being of the Dollkeim-Kovrovo Culture in the second half of the 1st c. AD. In that time many trade routes existed. One of them led from Kujawy via the lower Vistula River to the northern Samland Peninsula, the Curonian Spit and the Lithuanian coast. Finds from the northern part of the Samland Peninsula are similar to those from the area of the Wielbark Culture. Another trade route led from Masovia via Masuria along the Węgorapa River to the basin of the middle course of the Pregolya River and further north. Those two mentioned regions were centers where the Dollkeim-Kovrovo Culture began. At first they were separated. However in the 2nd c. AD tribes who lived in those areas settled all over the Samland Peninsula, the region between the lower Pasłęka River and the middle course of the Łyna River and the river basin of the Pregoyla. From those territories come mainly finds similar to such from the area of the Wielbark Culture, however some of them show connections with the Bogaczewo Culture, the Przeworsk Culture and with Scandinavia.
The other important result of the thesis was the division of the so called first phase of the Dollkeim-Kovrovo Culture (circa 75-150/175 AD) into two sub phases. Finds typical to each of them were described in the dissertation. Also so called phase 0 (circa 0-75 AD) was described and finds of such chronology were investigated.
The conclusions made in the project should be helpful not only to scientists who work on the subject of the Baltic tribes, especially the Dollkeim-Kovorovo-Culture, but also to those who investigate the Wielbark-, Przeworsk- and Bogaczewo- Cultures as well as the Roman Iron Age in Lithuania, Latvia and Scandinavia in general.