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Zentrum für Baltische und Skandinavische Archäologie

in der

Stiftung Schleswig-Holsteinische Landesmuseen
Schloss Gottorf
D-24837 Schleswig

Tel. +49/4621 - 813-0
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Early Migration Period chamber grave from Poprad-Slovakia. An interdisciplinary research project for analysing an extraordinary find


The chamber grave from Poprad-Matejovce was excavated in 2006 in north-eastern Slovakia and is at present being investigated and prepared for publication in an international research project at ZBSA, from 20122015 funded by German Research Foundation (DFG).

Befund Poprad Grabkammer

The digital reconstruction and analysis of wooden burial chambers, furniture and grave equipment in GIS and 3D as well as the interdisciplinary cooperation with various scientific analyses combined with archaeological investigations of the grave construction and grave equipment is according to modern standards.

Poprad GIS Materialgruppen

The grave from early Migration Period represents a singular grave find in central European Barbaricum due to the wooden grave chambers and the well preserved furniture, the textiles and the leather finds.
The outer burial chamber, oriented in north-south direction, measured 3.95 m x 2.70 m and was constructed in log cabin technology with a flat roof. The inner sarcophagus-like chamber had a gable roof and was built in a frame construction with the measurement 2.90 m x 1.70 m.

Poprad Labor

Especially the very well-preserved parts of wooden turned furniture are notable: a table made from poplar wood with 92 cm in diameter and a bed, 2 m long, consisting of numerous objects from yew wood.
Analyses of the skeleton show us, that the buried man was 2025 years old, 172 cm tall, from local provenance and very well nourished.

Äußere Kammer

The construction of the burial chambers, the preserved partly precious grave goods, the golden textiles and the carefully made furniture prove an elite status of the buried man, who belonged to the so called North Carpathian culture.
The grave was robbed only a few years after the burial. Based on the detailed analyses of the location of the finds and the displacement of objects we can reconstruct the robbery stepwise. Due to the robbery only a few grave goods are preserved, but the well preserved organic finds like a wooden bed, a table, the burial chambers, fragments of the clothing from textiles and leather are much more notable. Parts of the grave were taken in blocs and excavated in the laboratory from 20082015. The investigation under the microscope allows various scientific specialised analyses, for example strontium isotopes, amino acids and colours from textiles, material specifications via REM, radiocarbon dating of insects, botanical analyses, etc.
Radiocarbon dating in combination with dendrochronological analyses of the wooden burial dates the grave, the burial, the chambers and the later grave opening.


The research project at present is being prepared for publication.

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Aktueller Hinweis!

Das Zentrum für Baltische und Skandinavische Archäologie arbeitet aufgrund der Corona-Krise ab dem 17.3.2020 überwiegend im Homeoffice. Unter den bekannten Mailadressen sind die Mitarbeiterinnen und Mitarbeiter erreichbar.

Daher haben auch Gastwissenschaftler zur Zeit keinen Zugang zu unseren Räumlichkeiten. Bitte wenden Sie sich zu gegebener Zeit an die bekannten Ansprechpartner.

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From 17/3/2020 the staff of the Centre for Baltic and Scandinavian Archaeology will be mainly working from home due to the Corona crisis. The employees can be reached under the known email addresses.

For this reason, guest researchers do currently not have access to our facilities. Please get in touch with the known contact persons in due course.

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