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Dr. John Meadows

Wissenschaftler AMS Datierung/Isotopenforschung
Phone: +49/(0)4621/813 - 0
Fax: Fax: +49/(0)4621/813 - 535

My title is "Senior scientist in the application of AMS dating and isotope research within the field of archeology". I work with ZBSA colleagues whose archaeological research can benefit from scientific dating and / or stable isotope analyzes, and I am developing my own external research collaborations to address technical issues, such as dietary reservoir effects.  

I am based at the

Leibniz Laboratory for Age Determination and Isotope Research
Max-Eyth-Str. 11-13
24118 Kiel
Research interests

Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel

direct telephone: 0431 880 7385

The publication list below (including hyperlinks) should be up-to-date. Please e-mail me if any links are broken or if you do not have access to any paper. Do not send direct messages via Academia, Researchgate etc.. I will sometimes use OSF to make pre-prints and other research outputs more accessible (  

1986-89 BA (Hons), History and Economics, University of Tasmania, Australia

1994-95 MSc (Environmental Archeology and Palaeoeconomy), University of Sheffield, England

1996-98 freelance archaeologist / archaeobotanist (UK, USA, Syria, Jordan, Australia)

1998-2005 PhD, Archeology Program, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia Thesis: Early farmers and their environment: archaeobotanical research at Neolithic and Chalcolithic sites in Jordan

2002-04 Research Fellow, Institute of Archeology, University College London

2004-05 Archaeological Research Assistant, Early Department, Museum of London

2005-10 Assistant Scientific Dating Co-ordinator, English Heritage, London


Radiocarbon and other scientific dating methods

Bayesian chronological modeling

Environmental archeology

Palaeoenvironmental research

Interpretation of scientific data in archeology


Editorship of Conference Proceedings, with External Peer-Review 

2015 Fernandes R, Meadows J and Dreves A (eds). Proceedings of the 1st Radiocarbon and Diet: Aquatic Food Resources and Reservoir Effects Conference. Radiocarbon 57 (4). 

2014 Fernandes R and Meadows J (eds). Human Exploitation of Aquatic Landscapes . Internet Archeology 37. 

Papers in externally-referenced journals 

Müller-Scheeßel, N., Hukeľová, Z., Meadows, J., Cheben, I., Müller, J., & Furholt, M. (2020). New burial rites at the end of the Linearbandkeramik in south-west Slovakia. Antiquity. doi:10.15184/aqy.2020.103
Please embed this hyperlink:


2020 Filipovic D, Meadows J et al.. New AMS 14C dates track the arrival and spread of broomcorn millet cultivation and agricultural change in prehistoric Europe. Scientific Reports, 10, 13698 DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-70495-z

in press Meadows J, Rinne C, Immel A, Fuchs K, Krause-Kyora B, Drummer C. High-precision Bayesian chronological modeling on a calibration plateau: the Niedertiefenbach gallery grave. Radiocarbon, DOI:10.1017/RDC.2020.76.


2020  Agerskov Rose H, Meadows J, Henriksen, M B. Bayesian modeling of wood-age offsets in cremated bone. Radiocarbon 62(2):379-401. DOI: 10.1017/RDC.2020.3 

2020 Courel B et al.. Organic residue analysis shows sub-regional patterns in the use of pottery by Northern European hunter-gatherers. Royal Society Open Science, 7(4), 192016, DOI:10.1098/rsos.192016.

2020 Brinker U et al. Two burials in a unique freshwater shell midden: insights into transformations of Stone Age hunter-fisher daily life in Latvia. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 12(5), 97, DOI:10.1007/s12520-020-01049-7.

2020 Meadows J, Lozovskaya O, Bondetti M, Drucker D, Moiseyev V. Human palaeodiet at Zamostje 2, central Russia: Results of radiocarbon and stable isotope analyzes. Quaternary International 541:89-103. DOI: 10.1016 / j.quaint.2019.07.017

2020  Bondetti M, Scott S, Lucquin A, Meadows J , Lozovskaya O, Dolbunova E, Jordan P, Craig O. Fruits, fish and the introduction of pottery in the Eastern European plain: Lipid residue analysis of ceramic vessels from Zamostje 2nd  Quaternary International 541:104-114. DOI: 10.1016 / j.quaint.2019.05.008

2020 Dolbunova E, Tsybryi V, Mazurkevich A, Tsybryi A, Szmanda J, gowns P, Zabilska Kunek-M, M Sablin, Gorodetskaya S, C Hamon, Meadows J. Subsistence strategies and the origin of early Neolithic community in the lower Don River valley (Rakushechny Yar site, early / middle 6th millennium cal BC): First results. Quaternary International 541: 115-129. DOI: 10.1016 / j.quaint.2019.05.012

2019 Meadows J, Müller-Scheeßel N, Cheben I, Agerskov Rose H, and Furholt M. Temporal dynamics of Linearbandkeramik houses and settlements, and their implications for detecting the environmental impact of early farming. The Holocene . DOI: 10.1177 / 0959683619857239

2019  Agerskov Rose H, Meadows J , Palstra SWL, Hamann C, Boudin M, Huels M. Radiocarbon dating cremated bone: A case study comparing laboratory methods. Radiocarbon 61(5):1581-1591. DOI: 10.1017 / RDC.2019.70 

2019 Hüls CM,  Meadows J,  Rau A. Interpreting 14C measurements on 3rd – 4th century AD iron artifacts from Nydam, Denmark. Radiocarbon 61(5):1517-1529. DOI: 10.1017 / RDC.2019.15.   

2018 Meadows J, Martinelli N and Fozzati L. Archaeological evidence of early settlement in Venice: a comment on Ammerman et al. (2017). Antiquity 92 (366): 1640-1649

2018 Meadows J,  Robson H, Groß D, Hegge C, Lübke H, Schmölcke U, Terberger T, Gramsch B. How fishy was the inland Mesolithic? New data from Friesack, Brandenburg, Germany. Radiocarbon  60 (5), 1621-1636. 

2018  Rose HA, Meadows J and Bjerregaard M M. High-resolution radiocarbon dating of a medieval multiple grave, Odense, Denmark. Radiocarbon 60 (5): 1547-1559.

2018 Meadows J, Bērziņš V, Legzdiņa D, Lübke H, Schmölcke U, Zagorska I and Zariņa G. Stone-Age subsistence strategies at Lake Burtnieks, Latvia. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 17:992-1006.

2017 Dolbunova E, Kostyleva E, Kul’kova M, Meadows J, Mazurkevich A, Lozovskaya O. Сhronology of early Neolithic materials of the site Sakhtysh IIa (Central Russia). Documenta Praehistorica XLIV:176–191. 

2017 Piezonka H, Nedomolkina N, Ivanishcheva M, Kosorukova N, Kul’kova M and Meadows J. The Early and Middle Neolithic in NW Russia: Radiocarbon chronologies from the Sukhona and Onega regions. Documenta Praehistorica XLIV:122–151.  

2017 Kriiska A, Oras E, Lõugas L, Meadows J, Lucquin A and Craig O. Late Mesolithic Narva stage on the territory of Estonia: Pottery, settlement types and chronology. Estonian Journal of Archaeology 21/1:52–86.

2016 Lübke H, Brinker U, Meadows J, Bērziņš V and Zagorska I. New research on the human burials of Riņņukalns, Latvia. In: Mesolithic burials – rites, symbols and social organisation of early postglacial communities (eds J Grünberg, B Gramsch, L Larsson, J Orschiedt, H Meller). Tägungen des Landesmuseums für Vorgeschichte Halle 13/I: 241-256.

2016 Schmölcke U, Meadows J, Ritchie K, Bērziņš V, Lübke H and Zagorska I. Neolithic fish remains from the freshwater shell midden Riņņukalns in northern Latvia, Environmental Archaeology 21(4): 325-333. 

2016 Piezonka H, Meadows J, Hartz S, Kostyleva E, Nedomolkina N, Ivanishcheva M, Kozorukova N, Terberger T. Stone Age pottery chronology in the northeast European forest zone: New AMS and EA-IRMS results on foodcrusts. Radiocarbon 58(2): 267-289. 

2016 Meadows J, Bērziņš V, Brinker U, Lübke H, Schmölcke U, Staude A, Zagorska I and Zariņa G. Dietary freshwater reservoir effects and the radiocarbon ages of prehistoric human bones from Zvejnieki, Latvia. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 6:678-689.

2016 Bērziņš V, Lübke H, Berga L, Ceriņa A, Kalniņa L, Meadows J, Muižniece S, Paegle S, Rudzīte M and Zagorska I. Recurrent Stone Age occupation at Sise (western Latvia) and shoreline displacement in the Baltic Sea Basin. The Holocene 16: 1319-1325. 

2015 Meadows J, Hüls M and Schneider R. Accuracy and reproducibility of 14C measurements at the Leibniz-Labor, Kiel: a first response to Lull et al., ‘When 14C dates fall beyond the limits of uncertainty: an assessment of anomalies in a Western Mediterranean Bronze Age 14C Series’. Radiocarbon 57(5): 1041-1047. 

2015 Tõrv M and Meadows J. Radiocarbon dates and stable isotope data from the Early Bronze Age burials in Riigiküla I and Kivisaare settlement sites, Estonia. Radiocarbon 57(4): 645–656. 

2015 Rakowski A Z, Krąpiec M, Hüls M, Pawlyta J, Dreves A and Meadows J. Increase of radiocarbon concentration in tree rings from Kujawy (SE Poland) around AD 774–775, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B. 361: 564–568.  

2014 Philippsen B and Meadows J. Inland Ertebølle culture: the importance of aquatic resources and the freshwater reservoir effect in radiocarbon dates from pottery food crusts, Internet Archaeology Issue 37. 

2014 Contreras D and Meadows J. Summed radiocarbon calibrations as a population proxy: a critical evaluation using a realistic simulation approach. Journal of Archaeological Science 52: 591–608. 

2014 Bērziņš V, Brinker U, Klein C, Lübke H, Meadows J, Rudzīte M, Schmölcke U, Stümpel H and Zagorska I. New research on Rinnukalns, a Neolithic freshwater shell midden in northern Latvia, Antiquity 88, 341: 715–732. 

2014 Fernandes R, Meadows J, Dreves A, Nadeau M-J and Grootes P M M. A preliminary study on the influence of cooking on the C and N isotopic composition of multiple organic fractions of fish (mackerel and haddock). Journal of Archaeological Science 50: 153–159. 

2014 Meadows J and Māris Zunde. A lake fortress, a floating chronology, and an atmospheric anomaly: the surprising results of a radiocarbon wiggle-match from Āraiši, Latvia. Geochronometria 41 (3): 223–233. 

2014 Meadows J, Martinelli N, Nadeau M-J and Bianchin Citton E. Este, Padova, Italy: dating the Iron Age waterfront. Radiocarbon 56(2): 655–665. 

2014 Meadows J, Lübke H, Zagorska I, Bērziņš V, Ceriņa A and Ozola I. Potential freshwater reservoir effects in a Neolithic shell midden at Riņņukalns, Latvia. Radiocarbon 56(2): 823–832. 

2014 Meadows J, Eriksen B V, Zagorska I, Dreves A and Simpson J. Dating Late Palaeolithic harpoons from Lake Lubāns, Latvia. Radiocarbon 56(2): 581–589. 

2014 Garrow D, Meadows J, Evans C and Tabor J. Dating the dead: a high-resolution radiocarbon chronology of burial within an Early Bronze Age barrow cemetery at Over, Cambridgeshire. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 80: 207–236. 

2014 Martinelli N, Meadows J, Valzolgher E, Pignatelli O, Anglani L and Kromer B, Combining dendrochronology and radiocarbon dating at the Late Medieval site of Sant’Alvise, Venice, Italy. Open Journal of Archaeometry 2: 49–54. 

2013 Timberlake S, et al.. Prehistoric copper extraction in Britain: Ecton Hill, Staffordshire, Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 80: 1–48. 

2013 Greenwood D, Batt C, Meadows J and Roberts I. Dating the kiln, in A Stamford Ware pottery kiln in Pontefract: a geographical enigma and a dating dilemma (C Cumberpatch and I Roberts). Medieval Archaeology 57: 111–150

2013 Rakowski A Z, Nakamura T, Pazdur A and Meadows J. Radiocarbon concentration in annual tree rings from the Salamanca Region, Western Spain. Radiocarbon 55(1-3): 1533–1540

2012 Waddington C, et al. Excavations at Fin Cop, Derbyshire: An Iron Age Hillfort in Conflict? Archaeological Journal 169: 159–236.

2012 Ripper S, et al., Bogs, bodies and burnt mounds: visits to the Soar wetlands in the Neolithic and Bronze Age. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 78: 173–206

2012 Mays S, Vincent S and Meadows J. A possible case of treponemal disease from England dating to the 11th–12th century AD, International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 22: 366–372

2012 Valzolgher E, Meadows J, Salzani P and  Salzani, L. Radiocarbon dating of the Early Bronze Age cemetery at Arano, Verona, northern Italy. Radiocarbon 54 (3–4): 483–503

2012 Meadows J et al.. Keeping the sea out: early medieval structures at Ca' Foscari University, Venice, Italy. Radiocarbon 54 (3–4): 567–549

2010 Lovell J L et al.. Upland olive domestication in the Chalcolithic period: new 14C determinations from el-Khawarij (Ajlun), Jordan. Radiocarbon 52: 364–371

2009 Bourke S J et al.. The beginning of the Early Bronze Age in the north Jordan Valley: new 14C determinations from Pella in Jordan. Radiocarbon 51: 905–913

2007 Meadows J et al.. A short passage of time: the dating of the Hazleton long cairn revisited. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 17(1) S: 45–64

2006 Collard M et al.. Ironworking in the Bronze Age? Evidence from a 10th century BC settlement at Hartshill Copse, Upper Bucklebury, West Berkshire. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 72: 367–421

2005 Meadows J. The Younger Dryas episode and the radiocarbon chronologies of the Huleh and Ghab pollen diagrams, The Holocene 15: 631–636

2004 Bourke S J et al.. The end of the Chalcolithic period in the south Jordan Valley: new 14C determinations from Teleilat Ghassul, Jordan. Radiocarbon 46: 315–323

2004 Edwards P C et al.. From the PPNA to the PPNB: new views from the south after excavations at Zahrat adh-Dhra’ 2 in Jordan. Paléorient 30/2: 21–60

Chapters in Externally-Refereed Monographs 

in press Meadows J. Boudin, M, Groß, D, Jantzen, D, Lübke, H, Wild, M. Radiocarbon dating consolidated bone and antler artefacts from Mesolithic Hohen Viecheln (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany). In Working at the Sharp End: From Bone and Antler to Early Mesolithic Life in Northern Europe (eds D Groß, D Jantzen, H Lübke, J Meadows). Untersuchungen und Materialien zur Steinzeit in Schleswig-Holstein und im Ostseeraum 10. Hamburg: Wachholtz.

in press Groß D, Lübke H, Meadows J, Jantzen D, Dreibrodt S. Re-evaluation of the site Hohen Viecheln 1. In Working at the Sharp End: From Bone and Antler to Early Mesolithic Life in Northern Europe (eds D Groß, D Jantzen, H Lübke, J Meadows). Untersuchungen und Materialien zur Steinzeit in Schleswig-Holstein und im Ostseeraum 10. Hamburg: Wachholtz.

Meadows J et al.. Chapter 5: Radiocarbon Dating, in Twice-crossed river: prehistoric and palaeoenvironmental investigations at Barleycroft Farm/Over, Cambridgeshire (The Archaeology of the Lower Ouse Valley, Volume III). (C Evans, J Tabor and M Vander Linden) Cambridge: Cambridge Archaeological Unit/McDonald Institute.

2016 Grootes P, Meadows J, Nadeau M-J. Radiokarbondatierung der Gräber aus Miškovice, in Prag-Miškovice, Archäologische un naturwissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zu Grabbau, Bestattungssitten und Inventaren einer frühbronzezeitlichen Nekropole (M Ernée). Römisch-Germanische Kommission des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts. Römisch-Germanische Forschungen Band 72: 266-283

2013 Meadows J et al.. Chapter 4: Radiocarbon dating, in The Neolithic and Bronze Age Enclosures at Springfield Lyons, Essex: Excavations 1981–1991 (N Brown and M Medlycott), East Anglian Archaeology 149

2012 Meadows J et al.. Chapter 8: Radiocarbon dating, in Excavations at Bestwall Quarry, Wareham 1992–2005 Volume 2: The iron age and later landscape (L Ladle), Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society monograph series 20: 112–124

2010 Meadows J. Dating the site: radiocarbon chronology, in Origins of Agriculture in Western Central Asia: An Environmental-Archaeological Study (D R Harris), University of Pennsylvania Museum Press: 119–124

2012 Meadows J et al., Radiocarbon dating of the skull from the hillfort ditch and human and animal bone from the ritual deposit, in Iron Age Ritual, a hillfort and evidence for a minster at Aylesbury Buckinghamshire (M Farley and G Jones), Oxbow Books: 59–67

2011 Meadows J et al.. Radiocarbon dating of the Bronze Age cremation cemetery, in Bronze Age Ceremonial Enclosures and Cremation Cemetery at Eye Kettleby, Leicestershire: The Development of a Prehistoric Landscape (N Finn), Leicester archaeology monographs 20, University of Leicester Archaeological Services

2011 Meadows J et al.. The scientific dating programme, in Wellington Quarry, Herefordshire (1986-96): Investigations of a Landscape in the Lower Lugg Valley (R Jackson and D Miller), Oxbow Books, WHEAS Monograph 1

2011 Healy F et al., Eastern England, and Bayliss A et al., The Greater Thames Estuary, in Gathering Time: Dating the Early Neolithic Enclosures of Southern Britain and Ireland (A Whittle, F Healy, and A Bayliss), Oxbow Books: 263–386

2009 Bayliss A et al., Chapter 6: Radiocarbon dating, in Excavations at Bestwall Quarry, Wareham, 1992-2005, Volume 1: the Prehistoric Landscape (L Ladle and A Woodward), Dorset Natural History and Archaeology Society Monograph 19: 126–159

2007 Meadows J et al.. Appendix 2: The Dungeness Foreland Project, absolute dating radiocarbon results, in The late-Holocene Evolution of the Romney Marsh/Dungeness Foreland Depositional Complex, UK (A Long, M Waller, and A Plater), Oxbow Books: 226–232

2007 Mattingly D J et al.. Section 40. AMS and radiometric dates from CMD work and FP, in The Archaeology of Fazzan Vol 2  (ed D J Mattingly), Society for Libyan Studies Monograph 7: 295–302

2007 Hamilton W D et al.. Radiocarbon dating, in Neolithic and Bronze Age Monuments and Middle Iron Age Settlement at Lodge Farm, St Osyth, Essex: Excavations 2000-2003 (M Germany), East Anglian Archaeology 117: 95–102

Internally Refereed Publications

2017 Tõrv M, Lübke H, Meadows J, Zagorska I and Bērziņš V. Soul carriers to the afterlife? The context and meaning of the bird figurines from Riņņukalns, in Interaktionen ohne Grenzen: Beispiele archeologischer Forschungen am Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts. Festschrift für Claus von Carnap-Bornheim zum 60. Geburtstag (eds BV Eriksen, A Abegg-Wigg, R Bleile & U Ickerodt) : 49-61. Schleswig: Wachholtz Verlag Neumünster. 

2016 Bērziņš V, Ceriņa A, Kalniņš M, Lõugas L, Lübke H, Meadows J, Pridaine: a Neolithic site at the head of the Gulf of Riga, Archaeologia Baltica 23: 12–37. 

2013 Nikulina E and Meadows J. Ancient DNA and stable isotope analysis – Two innovative scientific methods in the archaeology of hunting, in Hunting in northern Europe until 1500 AD (eds O Grimm and U Schmölcke), Neumünster, Schriften Arch. Landesmus. 7: 597–604

2013 Spataro M and Meadows J. Bringing pottery to life: ceramic temper as cultural identity. Batovicev Zbornik. Diadora 26/27: 59–75

2013 Pickstone A, et al.. War Ditches, Cherry Hinton: revisiting an Iron Age Hillfort, Proceedings of the Cambridge Antiquarian Society CI: 31–59

2012 Meadows J et al.. Groundwell Ridge, Swindon, Wiltshire: radiocarbon dating and chronological modelling, English Heritage Research Report Series 24/2012

2011 Meadows J. Case Study 3 Palaeoenvironmental reconstruction: building better age-depth models, in Environmental Archaeology: a Guide to the Theory and Practice of Methods, from Sampling and Recovery to Post-excavation 2nd edition, English Heritage: 31–33

2011 Collard M et al.. The prehistoric and medieval defences of Malmesbury: archaeological investigations at Holloway, 2005-2006. Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Magazine 104: 79–94

2011 Meadows J et al.. Radiocarbon dating, in Fin Cop Excavation Archive Report for 2010 (ed C Waddington), ARS Ltd Report 2011/27: 36–43 

2010 Greenwood D et al.. Simpson’s Malt, Pontefract, West Yorkshire: scientific dating of a pottery kiln. English Heritage Research Department Report Series 60/2010

2009 Lovell J L et al., The second preliminary report of the Wadi ar-Rayyan Archaeological Project: the first season of excavations at al-Khawarij. Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan 50: 33–60

2009 Bourke S J et al.. A fourth season of renewed excavation by the University of Sydney at Tuleylat al-Ghassul. Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan 51: 35–42

2004 Meadows J. The earliest farmers? Archaeobotanical research at Pre-Pottery Neolithic A sites in Jordan, in Studies in the History and Archaeology of Jordan (ed K Amr), Amman (Department of Antiquities) VIII: 321–330

2003 Meadows J. Dating Briar Hill: Interpreting Controversial Radiocarbon Results from the Neolithic Causewayed Enclosure at Briar Hill, Northamptonshire, Centre for Archaeology Report Series, 64/2003 (English Heritage)

2003 Banning E B et al.. Excavations near ’Ain Jahjah (WZ 120 and WZ 130) in Wadi Ziqlab. Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan 47

2003 Bourke S J et al.. Preliminary report on the eighteenth and nineteenth seasons of excavation at Pella (Tabaqat Fahl) by the University of Sydney. Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan 47

2002 Edwards P C et al.. Zahrat adh-Dhra’2: a new Pre-Pottery Neolithic A site on the Dead Sea Plain in Jordan. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 327: 1–15

2002 Edwards P C et al.. Archaeology and Environment of the Dead Sea Plain: preliminary results of the second season of investigations by the joint La Trobe University/Arizona State University Project, Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan 46: 51–92

2002 Edwards P C et al.. Results from the first season at Zahrat adh-Dhra’2: a new PPNA site on the Dead Sea Plain in Jordan. Neo-Lithics 1/02: 11–16

2001 Meadows J. Arid-zone farming in the fourth millennium BC: the plant remains from Wadi Fidan 4, in Australians Uncovering Ancient Jordan: Fifty Years of Middle Eastern Archaeology (ed A Walmsley), University of Sydney Research Institute for Humanities and Social Sciences: 153–164

2001 Meadows J. Olive domestication at Teleilat Ghassul, in The Ancient Near East: an Australian Postgraduate Perspective (eds L Hopkins and A Parker), Sydney, Sydney University Archaeological Methods Series 7: 1–14

2001 Edwards P C et al.. Archaeology and Environment of the Dead Sea Plain: preliminary results of the first season of investigations by the joint La Trobe University/Arizona State University Project. Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan 45: 135–157 

2000 Bourke S J et al.. A second and third season of renewed excavation by the University of Sydney at Tuleylat al-Ghassul (1995–1997), Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan 44: 37–90

1999 Bienert H-D et al.. Archaeological excavations at the Late Neolithic site of ash-Shalaf: preliminary report on the 1998 season. Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan 43: 49–67

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