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Re-evaluation of the chronology and stratigraphy of the early Holocene site Hohen Viecheln (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany), with particular focus on the diagnostic bone artefacts (completed)

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Dr. Daniel Groß, Dr. Harald Lübke, Dr. John Meadows, Dr. Detlef Jantzen (LAKD M-V)

Excavated in the 1950s, Hohen Viecheln 1, Lkr. Nordwestmecklenburg, is one of the most striking sites of the early Mesolithic in the Northern European Lowlands. The abundance of finds and good organic preservation characterise the site, which is located north of Lake Schwerin. Among German scholars, Hohen Viecheln is ranked alongside Bedburg-Königshoven, Friesack, Duvensee, Mullerup, and Star Carr, but internationally it usually is not accorded this significance. This relative obscurity seems even more surprising, given the abundance of finds made from different raw materials, but it is grounded in the site’s research history.

Location of Hohen Viecheln

Fig. 1: Hohen Viecheln is located in northwestern Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Image: S. Grimm & D. Groß, ZBSA).


To address this, Hohen Viecheln will be re-evaluated by a DFG-funded research project, beginning in 2015. This project aims at clarifying the stratigraphy and chronology to adequately position the site within the Mesolithic. The re-evaluation will also allow the accurate dating of the numerous bone points, for which the site is known and is therefore often cited as a reference.

Excavation Trenches

Fig. 2: Excavation trenches in Hohen Viecheln with a DEM of the Pleistocene surface (GIS: D. Groß, ZBSA).

 


Furthermore, particular focus will be laid on the typochronology of specific groups of artefacts. As a consequence, the artefact inventory will be re-analysed and presented to modern standards. An extensive radiocarbon dating program should resolve a number of questions. The clarification of the sequence will also assist teh supra-regional chronological and technological contextualization of finds from Hohen Viecheln.

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